This may be disrupted as parents move or spend time on furlough. Many children have to be educated in boarding schools from an early age and may feel exiled from their families.


TCKs are often bi or multi lingual which gives them advantages when settling into a culture but they often experience inadequate skills in their mother tongue and are unable to express deep emotions and values.


For young children their identity is linked with their parents but older children are influenced by the environment they are in and see around them.

Cultural Adjustment

Children may Mirror those they live amongst by looking and acting the same.

They may appear Adopted because they look different yet act the same.

Some remain Foreigners looking and acting differently

There are those Hidden Immigrants who look the same yet act differently.

* Third Culture Kids

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What makes TCKs different?